Capital City: Cardiff
Swansea, Newport, Wrexham, St Asaph, St David’s, Bangor
Welsh and English
Wales is cool and humid, with heavy rainfall.
1st January- New Year’s Day
1s March- Saint David’s Day – the national day of Wales
Easter Sunday -changes annually
14th May- International Dylan Thomas Day
August (dates change annually) – National Eisteddfod
1st November – Calan Gaeaf (first day of winter)
11th November- Remembrance Day
25th December- Christmas Day
Top Things to do:
If you fancy climbing a mountain, you can take on Snowdon in the glorious Snowdonia National Park. Situated in northwest Wales, Snowdon sits in the Snowdonia National Park. It’s the highest peak in Wales, and, although it can’t beat Everest for scale, don’t underestimate what fast-changing weather conditions can do to the walker who tries to take this beauty in their stride.
Have a plate of Welsh rarebit. Don’t be fooled by the uncooked sounding name, it’s probably not what you think. This is a simple, yet delicious variation of good old cheese on toast, but with added mustard or spices.
Visit Conwy Castle. This 700-year-old fortress is one of the most magnificent in Europe, and has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was built between 1283 and 1289 by Edward I and played a major part in several wars. With Snowdon rising on the horizon, misty mornings don’t get more atmospheric.
Portmeirion is a stunning little resort in Gwynedd. It was originally built by Sir Clough Walliams-Ellis to look like a little Italian fishing village. Beautifully cultured gardens, fountains and walkways can be explored, alongside the quaint local church. In the 1960’s, an episode of cult TV show The Prisoner was filmed there, making it a must for film buffs.
On the peaceful isle of Anglesey, you can find a small town called Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. It means St Mary’s church in the hollow of the white hazel near to the fierce whirlpool of St Tysilio of the red cave. To hear the pronunciation being nailed in casual conversation, you can click here.
The deepest cave in Britain is in Wales. Ogof Ffynnon Dddu is 1,010ft deep.
The Llangernyw Yew in St Digain’s churchyard, Llangernyw, near Conwy, is Wales’ oldest tree and is around 4,000 years old.
Menai Bridge in Anglesey, designed by Thomas Telford was the first suspension bridge in the world constructed to take heavy traffic when it opened in January 1826.
Wales has three National Parks, which cover 20% of the country’s landmass. They are the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, Snowdonia National Park and Brecon Beacons National Park.
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